Type 1 Diabetes - PERLA Health

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes is one of the two forms of Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is a life-long (chronic) disease in which the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Because of this, no more insulin is produced in the body. Insulin is needed by the cells to take up glucose from the blood, which they need to function properly. If there’s no more Insulin, blood sugar cannot enter the cells, leading to high blood sugar levels and and symptoms of diabetes such as a frequent need to pee, being extremely thirsty and hungry, feeling fatigued, experiencing vision changes and weight loss. Diabetes can lead to long-term damage of the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidney and nerves, which is why it’s important that it’s monitored and managed well. Type 1 diabetes requires the daily injections of insulin. It often starts in childhood or adolescence.


  1. World Health Organization (WHO). Diabetes. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/diabetes (accessed 1. August 2020)
  2. NHS UK. Diabetes. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/diabetes/ (accessed 1. August 2020)
  3. Mayo Clinic. Diabetes. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetes/symptoms-causes/syc-20371444 (accessed 1. August 2020)

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