Glucose is a form of sugar, and the main source of energy for your cells. It comes from food such as carbohydrates that are broken down by your metabolism, and turned into glucose as fuel for cells. Glucose travels in the blood, and gets taken up into cells with the help of insulin. In case of diseases such as diabetes, there is too little or no insulin, so the glucose stays in the blood, leading to high blood glucose levels. This can lead to damage of the blood vessels, causing problems such as kidney disease, strokes and heart attacks, weak immune system, nerve damage and slow wound healing. It therefore is very important to regularly measure and monitor your blood glucose levels with your healthcare provider, especially if you have a chronic condition such as PCOS.
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- NHS UK. Hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar). https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/high-blood-sugar-hyperglycaemia/ (accessed 3. August 2020)
- WebMD. High Blood Sugar, Diabetes, and Your Body. https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/how-sugar-affects-diabetes (accessed 3. August 2020)