In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a technique to help people with infertility or genetic problems to have a baby. It’s a complex process with several steps to help with fertilization, embryo development and implantation, with the goal to establish a successful pregnancy. IVF is an effective form of assisted reproductive technology (ART). During IVF, mature egg cells are first collected from the ovaries. In the lab, the egg cells are then fertilized with sperm. The fertilized egg, now called an embryo, is transferred back to the uterus. If the embryo successfully implants into the lining of the uterus, pregnancy is achieved.
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- Mayo Clinic. In vitro fertilization (IVF). https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/in-vitro-fertilization/about/pac-20384716 (accessed 5. August 2020)
- Planned Parenthood. What is IVF? https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/pregnancy/fertility-treatments/what-ivf (accessed 5. August 2020)