Acne is characterized by spots on the skin, mainly consisting of blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules, nodules and cysts. It appears most commonly on the face, but can also affect the chest area and back. Acne can be a sign of androgen excess (levels of androgens/male hormones that are too high), which is often the case in PCOS.
- Mayo Clinic, Acne: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acne/symptoms-causes/syc-20368047 (accessed 19. July 2020)
- NHS UK, Acne: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/acne/ (accessed 19. July 2020)
- Faith E.F. et al. Dermatologic manifestations of endocrine disorders. Transl Pediatr. 2017 Oct; 6(4): 300–312.