Long-Term complications are consequences of a disease that can appear over time or at a later time, sometimes even after years. For PCOS, long-term complications can include metabolic disease (glucose intolerance, type 2 diabetes or dyslipidemia), cardiovascular disease, and endometrial cancer. It is important to discuss long-term complications and risks with your healthcare provider, and schedule regular preventive appointments to monitor them.
- Peigné M. et al. Long term complications of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Ann Endocrinol (Paris). 2014 Sep;75(4):194-9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25156132/
- Rizzo M. et al. Long-term consequences of polycystic ovary syndrome on cardiovascular risk. Fertility and Sterility, Short Communication. 2009: 91(4) Suppl. p. 1563 – 1567. https://www.fertstert.org/article/S0015-0282(08)04099-5/fulltext
- Kelly C.J.G. et al. The long term health consequences of polycystic ovary syndrome. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2000: 197. p.1327-1338. https://obgyn.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2000.tb11644.x